All the Facts About CBC and CBN of the Hemp Flower
About CBC and CBN of the hemp flower is important even though they are generally considered as secondary cannabinoids. However, as more and more research is done they find that the “lesser” cannabinoids are more important than previous believed. Today we are going to look at how important these “lesser” cannabinoids are.
About CBC and CBN of the Hemp Flower – Cannabichromene (CBC
CBC may be little-known, but it is found in the majority of hemp flower strains. It is found in concentrations of 1% or lower, generally speaking, so it is difficult to ingest much of it at one time. CBC is generally found only in the sativa type strains and previously cultivators had not developed strains which are high in CBC.
Recently, cultivators have figured out how to breed strains which are high in CBC but since the process is complicated, products may be more expensive. Scientists have been diligently researching CBC for about 50 years and CBC is showing significant therapeutic potential.
History of CBC Research
CBC, first discovered in Israel in 1966, continued to be the epicenter of research through the latter half of the 20th century. Two years after the original discovery of CBC, Japanese researchers isolated the carboxylic acid precursor of CBC, CBCA. In 1975, the discovery of CBCVA which is a close relative of CBC revealed more of what impact CBC actually has in the sativa type.
In 1996, Japanese scientists that CBGA is the likely source substance for CBCA, the carboxylic acid precursor to CBC. Then they isolated the CBC acid synthase so that it is possible for the cultivators to produce strains with higher percentages of CBC.
The Potential Uses of CBC
CBC is not plentiful so consequently not many vendors have it in their inventory because it is not mainstream as of yet. Consumers remain mostly unaware of the benefits which CBC may provide because it is not popular.
Something scientists have discovered is that CBC interacts with the CB2 receptors similar to THC, but it is not intoxicating. Because of this, it seems that CBC alters and may even reduce the effects of THC pm the CB2 receptors. Besides that, CBC interaction with the Endocannabinoid System seems to be reducing inflammation. It also seems to reduce the body’s inflammatory response or mitigate it.
Anandamide, one of our natural endocannabinoids, prevents several disease processes from gaining a foothold in our bodies. It also helps to increase this endocannabinoid’s concentration in the human body.
Looking to the Future
Considering what past and present research has dictated involving anandamide, that is no doubt the direct it will continue to progress. CBC boosts the effectiveness of anandamide as well as how it interacts with CB2 receptors.
Many become users of marijuana in the pursuit of solutions for pain, inflammation and possibly other chronic conditions. CBD mostly interacts with CB1 receptors but not CB2 receptors. So this could be a viable break-through for a non-intoxicating cannabinoid to interact with CB2 receptors.
CBC, in the near future may potentially make an earthshaking impact on inflammatory pain for individuals with rheumatoid arthritis as well as other types of arthritis, celiac disease, or other inflammatory conditions.
About CBC and CBN of the Hemp Flower – Cannabinol (CBN)
The next cannabinoid which is rising in importance is cannabinol (CBN). It is a unique member of the cannabinoid family because it affects the body differently than any other cannabinoid. CBN originates from cannabigerolic acid (CBGA), a different process than the production of other cannabinoids. While the hemp sativa plant is maturing, an enzymatic process occurs and that is how CBN comes about. This enzymatic process occurs when THC undergoes a chemical breakdown. This breakdown may occur because of age or exposure to ultraviolet light.
What Happens Next
If THC-rich cannabis buds sit long enough, the THC converts into CBN. THC and CBN even have similar names to reflect a chemical kinship, but CBN is non-intoxicating. THC shows high interaction with the brain’s CB2 receptors but CBN only exerts a weak influence on these same receptors.
Scientists have also determined a simple method for producing CBN from CBD because they are chemically compatible.
In the Beginning
Even though the first mention of CBN dates back to 1899, the chemical structure of CBN appeared in 1930s and isolated for the first time in 1940. But then in early 1970, CBN gained renewed focus in the hemp community.
It was during this year that scientists discovered the anticonvulsant properties of CBN. In early 2002, studies and research investigated CBN for possible effects on human sensory nerves and then in 2010 research showed it also had a potential for appetite-modulating.
CBN has the ability to correct insomnia, a number of studies show. Another interesting fact about CBN is that it can only be produced by oxidizing other fully formed cannabinoids so cultivators cannot create strains with high CBN.
If you want more information on all things CBD, read other posts here on our blog.