CBD edibles are becoming the new trend as increasingly people become more informed about the cannabinoid and its touted benefits. The edibles can be purchased from dispensaries, pharmacies, CBD retail stores, health, and wellness stores, or you could prepare them right in your own home. For those who are all about doing it yourself, here’s what you need to know first.
Raw cannabis, when consumed, does not produce any effects in its user. The prevalent cannabinoids in cannabis, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), are fat-soluble. What this means is that when ingested, additionally, they need some form of dietary fat in order to dissolve and be absorbed and stored in the body, particularly in the liver and fatty tissues. In other words, for cannabis to be most effective, it needs to be consumed with high-fat foods in order to be made available for use in the body.
Cooking with cannabis gets a bit more complicated. There is more to just incorporating some cannabis buds into your next brownie mix. To release its effects, cannabis needs to go through a process known as decarboxylation, which occurs after the plant is heated for some time at a specific temperature.
Also, in raw cannabis, THC and CBD are presented in acidic, inactive versions, tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) and cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), which can not be digested by the body. During decarboxylation, they are activated and converted to the THC and CBD as we know it. This process automatically occurs when the plant is smoked or vaporized.
In most cannabis edible recipes, a special ingredient is required, either cannabutter or cannabis-infused oil. Here we will go into what cannabutter is and how you can make some for your next CBD edible recipe.
What is Cannabutter?
Cannabis butter, more popularly known as cannabutter, is cannabis-infused butter primarily used to make cannabis edibles, particularly the baked kind. Cannabutter can contain only CBD or both CBD and THC, depending on the user and the effects they are trying to achieve – also depending on the variety of cannabis, whether marijuana or hemp is being used.
How to Make Cannabutter
Here is a recipe from Leafly on how to make basic cannabis-infused butter.
|● 1 cup of butter
● 1 cup (7-10 grams) of ground cannabis, decarboxylated
● 1 cup of water
|1. Decarb [decarboxylate] the cannabis. Preheat your oven to 245ºF. Place cannabis buds on a non-stick, oven-safe tray. Cover the tray with parchment paper to prevent sticking. Insert the tray into the oven and set a timer for 30-40 minutes. Older, drier cannabis may require less time. (Tip: you can also set your oven to 300ºF and heat for 10 to 18 minutes, although low-and-slow is the recommended approach when decarbing to better preserve the cannabinoids.) Every 10 minutes, gently mix the buds with a light shake of the tray to expose the surface area of the buds equally.
2. Grind. Grind the decarboxylated cannabis coarsely with a hand grinder.
3. Melt the butter. Add 1 cup of water and 1 cup of butter into a stockpot or saucepan. Simmer on low and let the butter melt. Adding water helps to regulate the temperature and prevents the butter from scorching.
4. Add the cannabis. As the butter begins to melt, add in your coarsely ground cannabis product.
5. Simmer. Maintain low heat (ideally above 160ºF but never exceeding 200ºF) and let the mixture simmer for 2 to 3 hours, stirring occasionally. The mixture should never come to a full boil.
6. Strain the cannabutter. Set a funnel on top of a jar and line it with cheesecloth. Once the butter has cooled off, pour it over the cheesecloth funnel and allow it to strain freely. (Tip: Squeezing the cheesecloth may push more bad-tasting plant material through).
7. Refrigerate the jar of butter. If excess water forms at the bottom of the jar, you can remove the solid butter with a knife and drain the water out. (The butter will need to refrigerate for about an hour before removing the water.)
8. Dose carefully. Refer to dosing information on the left before adding your butter to any snacks, dishes, or desserts.
1. Grind your cannabis coarsely with a hand grinder. (Tip: A coffee grinder will finely pulverize the flower and prevent effective straining of bad-tasting plant material.)
2. Set your slow cooker to low, or somewhere around 160ºF. (Tip: Avoid exceeding 200ºF to prevent burning or wasting cannabinoids. You can also add a little water to help prevent scorching.)
3. Add the butter and ground cannabis. Stir occasionally.
4. After about 3 hours, turn off the crockpot and wait for the butter to cool.
5. Strain as above.
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