Full Spectrum vs Broad Spectrum CBD: What’s the Difference \’\’and Which is Better?
Cannabidiol (CBD) has recently exploded onto the market, \’\’and in a considerable way. There is a multitude of products that line the shelves of dispensaries \’\’and health food stores, as well as the metaphorical shelves on the internet marketplaces. Among these products, you’ll find that their labels have different indications, such as “full spectrum CBD” \’\’and “broad spectrum CBD.”
You probably have a few questions, such as what’s the difference? Which is the better product when it comes to full spectrum vs broad spectrum CBD? Is full spectrum CBD legal?
Let’s get those questions answered.
Full Spectrum Vs Broad Spectrum CBD
Let’s rewind: In the mid-60s, Raphael Mechoulam, the “father of cannabis research,” discovered the cannabinoid THC. This led to the discovery of the Endocannabinoid System (ECS) \’\’and how it works. In the 80s, CBD came into the light as Mechoulam was able to show that it could treat epilepsy, among other conditions.
Now let’s fast forward: There have been over 120 cannabinoids identified within the cannabis plant. CBD \’\’and THC are the most studied as well as the most currently put to use. However, other cannabinoids such as cannabigerol (CBN) \’\’and cannabinol (CBD), to name a few, come together to make up what is known as the “cannabinoid spectrum.”
The cannabinoid spectrum also includes terpenes, \’\’and every cannabinoid \’\’and terpene within the cannabis plant has a specific biochemical effect. When they all come together, they produce what is called the “entourage effect,” which is a synergistic phenomenon that modulates the overall beneficial effects of the plant.
There are actually three types of CBD in total. The third one is CBD isolate, which is pure, unencumbered CBD. In other words, it’s just the one cannabinoid. Now, onto the difference between full spectrum CBD \’\’and broad spectrum CBD—\’\’and which is better.
Full Spectrum CBD
The term “full spectrum” refers to the full cannabinoid spectrum. When you see a product labeled as full spectrum CBD, it signifies a product made from a whole plant extract that includes every terpene, phytocannabinoid, \’\’and essential oil. This would include THC, which is regulated at a concentration of 0.03% or less.
Arguably, full spectrum CBD offers the greatest health benefits. This is simply because it contains the full range of cannabinoids, allowing the entourage effect to work its magic. However, it does have its drawbacks.
Since full spectrum CBD contains trace amounts of THC, it may have sedative effects. It may also have the potential to show up positive on a drug test.
Broad Spectrum CBD
Broad spectrum CBD refers to a fully-loaded CBD product minus one cannabinoid: THC. It’s another whole plant extract that goes through a refinement process to remove the THC. The end result is a product that has the benefits of almost a full spectrum of cannabinoids plus terpenes \’\’and essential oils.
The only drawbacks to broad spectrum CBD are the less studied cannabinoids \’\’and their effects on the body.
Which CBD is Better?
It’s hard to say who really wins out in the contest of full spectrum vs broad spectrum CBD. The choice comes down to which product will suit your needs best. If you’re someone who is sensitive to THC or cannot consume it due to federal work regulations, then broad spectrum CBD will get the job done.