113 vs 60 Cannabinoids
The current cannabinoid count is 113 but a more important number to discuss is 60. There are 60 cannabinoids which have only been identified in the hemp plant. We hear a lot about CBD in hemp and the many benefits of it. And we also know a lot about the second most common Cannabinoids called Delta 9-THC. The next three most common cannabinoids are Cannabigerol (CBG), Cannabichromene (CBC) and Cannabinol (CBN).
3 vs 4 — Cannabinoid Concentration
The cannabinoid concentration is different in the various hemp strains and the concentration in each plant is also different. However, there are only three or four cannabinoids in concentrations above 0.1% in a single plant. The cannabinoids are stored in the crystals of the hemp plant. These crystals are called trichomes which are a topic for another time.
“1 by 1” – The Cannabinoid Effect
Each cannabinoid has a different effect on the body and in some cases the mind as well as a varying purpose for the body. Research also shows that the combination of various cannabinoids will lead to a strengthened effect on the body. Also, some cannabinoids combined with another compound in the hemp plant called terpenes will also vary the experience and the effect. Look for additional information on terpenes in a later blog.
Now the Number is “2” — Most Common Cannabinoids
Cannabidiol (CBD) — The first most common cannabinoid in hemp is CBD. It has no psychoactive properties but it may factor into lowering the effects of THC. CBD is a non-psychoactive agent, but it is extremely important as an anti-inflammatory and analgesic agent with anxiolytic and antipsychotic properties. Many find that it promotes a better functioning system and healthy over all in many aspects. It affects each person differently except for some generalities like pain relief are consistent among all users. It consistently promotes more restful sleep as well.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) — THC is the second most common cannabinoid in the hemp plant. THC is most associated with marijuana because it is in greater concentration in the marijuana plant however, it is also found in hemp. The legal distinction between hemp and marijuana is the amount of THC content found in the plant. It can be found in concentrations of 30% to 40% in marijuana turning the compound into an agent to cause the user feel “high”.
Full spectrum CBD products will always contain legal trace amounts of THC which puts it below the 0.3% mark. Below this mark, you will not feel any type of psychoactive effects of the THC. The 0.3% THC will only be present to lend to the entourage effect.
“Less Than” — The Trace Amount Cannabinoids
Cannabichromene (CBC) — CBC comes in third as the most prevalent cannabinoid after THC. THC binds to the CB1 receptors of the brain with psychoactive properties. CBD and CBC both bind to the CB2 receptors which widely impacts the other parts of the body with therapeutic benefits. It bears structural similarity to the other naturally occurring cannabinoids.
Cannabinol (CBN) – CBN is not a naturally occurring compound in the hemp plant but is the result of incorrect storage, exposure to excessive heat. These conditions cause a change to occur in the chemical structure resulting in CBN. CBN may generate a more relaxed, sedated sensation for the user.
Cannabigerol (CBG) – CBG acts as a foundation for the other cannabinoids as well as being the parent compound of THC and CBD. It is actually the parent compound of THC and CBD.
“1, 2, 3” — My Last Words
Everyone has a different experience when taking the hemp plant via nugs, pre-rolls or a vaping device. The delivery method will also make a difference in the effect. Some feel it to have a relaxing effect while others experience of sense of energy and productivity.
Different combinations of cannabinoids in various hemp strains will also have a different impact and effect. Experiment with the many varieties and find the one that produces the affects you want.