Trichomes, the set of fine crystalline hairs, are not always visible to the naked eye. But when the CBD hemp flower is dense with ripe ones, they are potent, of high-quality and delicious.
The cannabinoid ingestion of cannabis, THC and CBD contributes to the affects you feel or have. While the terpenes, terpenoids, and trichomes, also other cannabinoids impacting your feelings, senses and body functions. So, to get complicated for a minute! Terpenes and terpenoids are the same but they are different because of an oxygen rearrangement in the later.
It is All About Crystal Hairs
Trichomes are growths of hair on the hemp plant that resembles the look of mushrooms. They are the flavor and aroma that help distinguish between the various strains of hemp. This is the flavor ant the aroma that you enjoy when consuming or inhaling hemp.
These tiny hairs emerge from the buds, the stalks, the stems, and the leaves. These trichomes, though tiny, have a stalk which holds the head up. The head is all the cannabinoids form including THC and CBD. The trichome is vital to the maturing of the hemp plant.
The trichomes protect the plant from various environmental threats including wild animals. The bitter taste is to put forth the idea that the plant is toxic. These microscopic crystal-covered hairs house a microscopic manufacturing facility that produce the active ingredients in any cannabis plant. They create the sticky resin that binds to your fingers when handling top-shelf hemp.
The hemp strains with “OG” attached to the name stands for Ocean Grown and you will find buds stacked thick and tall with trichomes. When cannabis plants are grown close to the ocean or “ocean grown” one of the protections the trichomes provide the plant is covering from the salt ocean air. The resulting potent, sticky and frosty bud provides quite a treat for the user.
Types and Functions
The role of the trichomes role depends on what type of trichome it is and where they are located on the plant. Generally speaking, however, these leaf hairs lower plant temperature to protect it from UV rays and loss of hydration. All three types of trichomes produce cannabinoids but one produces the most. Which one is it?
- Bulbous – This type is smaller but found all across the plant and consisting few cells so have less impact but necessary for the cannabis plant.
- Capitate sessile – This type is found around the head of the plant, are the most moderate of the three and substantially bigger.
- Capitate-stalked – Produces the most cannabinoids for oil harvesting in and around the calyxes of budding flowers.
As the plants start the flowering stage, trichome production increases significantly. In the last two weeks the trichomes will start turning cloudy and milky white. Trichomes happened to be one of the best indicators on when to harvest the plant. As the plant matures they become amber to dark red. It is considered harvest time when 70 to 80% of the trichomes are amber color.