CBD hemp flower is an amazing creation from seed to mature flower. There are many whys, which, and what connect to the amazing hemp plant that produces a flower with beauty and health benefits.
CBD Hemp Flower — The What of the Hemp Flower
Hemp is a plant with a stalk, leaves and a flower. Every part of the plant is used but the hemp flower, only on the female hemp plant, is the most valuable and the most used. The exact percentages of CBD vary from flower to flower and is dependent on the particular strain of the hemp plant. The highest percentage of CBD comes from specially plants which have been bred to produce larger buds or flowers.
What is Hemp Used For?
Hemp, a member of the cannabis family, is much more than a product to consume without side effects of the high THC in marijuana, the other branch of cannabis. The hemp flower is used to make hemp oil and high-end CBD oils then recently, the production of smokable hemp flowers used this valuable flower to the delight of the smokers in the hemp community.
The leaves and stalks are called hemp biomass. Biomass is used for a great many things even to considerations for fuel. There are hemp clothes, shoes, rope and canvases used on ships because of their natural resistance to salt water.
What are the Benefits?
- Induces Sleep – Insomnia plagues many individuals without finding resolutions. Many sufferers have experienced more ease falling asleep along with better sleep. The CBD in the hemp flower interacts with mood receptors in the brain.
- Soothes inflammation — The hemp flower, rich in cannabinoids and terpenes, interact with an individual’s endocannabinoid system to increase the body’s ability to heal and reduce inflammation along with a reduction of pain.
- Nourishes the Skin – Since the hemp flower is rich in many vitamins and nutrients, it can help the skin to better generate collagen to promote moisturization and a reduction of wrinkles.
- Lessen Anxiety and Depression – The hemp flower and its CBD rich quality has been found to alleviate anxiety and depression.
CBD Hemp Flower – The Why of the Law
Confusion over the legality of CBD dates back years but when the 2018 Farm Bill changed the CBD hemp laws to legalize production, the controversy intensified because hemp had previously been in the Controlled Substance list on an equal footing as heroin.
Federal Law vs State Law
Most states complied with federal laws when the 2018 Farm Bill passed. However, there are still four to six states who still prohibit the growth and production of hemp. This confusion leaves local police and prosecutors with unanswered questions regarding legal vs. illegal.
CBD Hemp Laws – State to State
A recent Colorado law says that food can have any part of the hemp plant legally added for products the company sells. Missouri passed a law saying that medical marijuana with a higher than 0.3% THC is legal and allows the addition of CBD to alcohol at drinking establishments. Then California, New York City and Georgia got on board with the federal law that bans adding CBD to food such as CBD-infused cookies. Texas, Nebraska, Ohio and other states have arrested store proprietors for selling CBD products even when they have 0.3% or less of THC.
Which of Those Cannabinoids and Terpenes
The current cannabinoid count is 113 but a more important number to discuss is 60. Scientists and researchers identified 60 cannabinoids in the hemp plant. The two most common cannabinoids – CBD and THC. The next three most common cannabinoids are Cannabigerol (CBG), Cannabichromene (CBC) and Cannabinol (CBN).
The cannabinoid concentration is different in the various hemp strains and the concentration in each plant is also different. However, there are only three or four cannabinoids in concentrations above 0.1% in a single plant. The trichome crystals on the flower, the leaves and the stems house the terpenes.
Each cannabinoid has a different health benefit for the body and/or mind. Research also shows that the combination of various cannabinoids will lead to a strengthened effect on the body referred to as the Entourage Effect.
- Cannabidiol (CBD) — The first most common cannabinoid in hemp is CBD. It has no psychoactive properties, but it may factor into lowering the effects of THC. CBD is extremely important as an anti-inflammatory and analgesic agent with anxiolytic and antipsychotic properties.
- Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) — THC is the second most common cannabinoid in the hemp plant but not the second most abundant cannabinoid. The 0.3% THC will only be present to lend to the entourage effect.
- Cannabichromene (CBC) — CBC comes in third as the most common cannabinoid. THC binds to the CB1 receptors of the brain with psychoactive properties. CBD and CBC both bind to the CB2 receptors which widely impacts the other parts of the body with therapeutic benefits.
- Cannabinol (CBN) – CBN is not a naturally occurring compound in the hemp plant but is the result of incorrect storage, exposure to excessive heat. These conditions cause a change to occur in the chemical structure resulting in CBN. CBN may generate a more relaxed, sedated sensation for the user.
- Cannabigerol (CBG) – CBG acts as a foundation for the other cannabinoids as well as being the parent compound of some of the other cannabinoids. As people are learning that CBG has significant health benefits, farmers have started harvesting the hemp flower early to be able to extract this valuable cannabinoid before it splits into others.
Whether smoking, vaping or using hemp nugs in some other manner, you can smell and taste and feel the benefits. Each hemp strain has its own terpene profile which will give a particular aroma and taste.
Terpenes are simple organic compounds. Various elements on the periodic table create the different scents and various health benefits. These compounds create many of the familiar scents and flavors in hemp strains as well as other botanicals. The terpenes also have the ability to interact with other compounds in the hemp plant in order to activate synergistic health benefits.
Terpene profiling is the process of determining the terpenes which are in one particular hemp strain and the qualities that it possesses. The cultivar is best able to determine the hemp strain by the profile of terpenes in it.
There is a distinctive smell as the particular strain’s terpenes start seeping out of the hair-like trichomes. The trichomes resemble small resin glands found on hemp flowers, leaves, and some even on the stalks. There are more than 100 different kinds with varying terpene scents. There are many common terpenes with different benefits. Some terpenes are good for energizing the body, but others are sedatives.
Most Common Terpenes
- Linalool, in lavender essential oils and promotse sleep.
- Pinene, in conifers, fights inflammation and gives you an edge on mental alertness and better memory.
- Myrcene delivers the smell of musk or clove which then delivers sedative, relaxing effects.
- Limonene has lemony aromas but, better yet it provides an uplift to moods and attitudes towards your day.
The hemp terpenes provide a multitude of scents and flavors, each varying a little. However, for clarification and organization, hemp researchers have developed four basic classes:
If you want more information on all things CBD, read other posts here on our blog.